EUSBSR History

In order to better concentrate on the main objectives of the Strategy, the EUSBSR Action Plan was revised in February 2015, following an extensive consultation with the Member States and stakeholders in the Baltic Sea region.

The revised Action Plan was more streamlined and focused, with the previous 17 priority areas converted to 13 policy areas, and the number of horizontal actions decreased from 5 to 4. Like its predecessor, the 2015 Action Plan presented the detailed actions and flagships projects, through which the objectives would be achieved, as well as the governance of the EUSBSR (AP 2015, p. 10). With the update, the new Action Plan also came to include a chapter on the role of regional organisations (AP 2015, p. 20).

Alongside climate change, the new Action Plan added sustainable development as a cross-cutting horizontal consideration to be adequately included in the implementation of the objectives, sub-objectives, priority areas, horizontal actions and flagship projects (AP 2015, p. 9). In addition, the revised Action Plan highlighted the importance of ensuring that environmental considerations are adequately taken into account in flagship proposals (AP 2015, p. 9).

In March 2017, the Action Plan was revised with a number of technical updates and corrections, a revised Policy Area Transport chapter and the inclusion of a new action on the integration of refugees in Policy Area Education. In addition, a new section on the procedure to follow in the case of change of thematic coordinators was included in the governance chapter.

For more information on the implementation of the strategy, check the reports in the documents section in the menu on the left. 

Objectives and sub-objectives

1. Save the Sea

  • Clear water in the sea
  • Rich and healthy wildlife
  • Clean and safe shipping
  • Better cooperation

2. Connect the Region

  • Good transport conditions
  • Reliable energy markets
  • Connecting people in the region
  • Better cooperation in fighting cross-border crime

3. Increase Prosperity

  • Baltic Sea region as a frontrunner for deepening and fulfilling the single market
  • EUSBSR contributing to the implementation of Europe 2020 Strategy
  • Improved global competitiveness of the Baltic Sea region
  • Climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management


Policy Areas

  • PA Bioeconomy - Agriculture, forestry and fisheries
  • PA Culture - Culture & creative sectors
  • PA Education - Education, research and employability
  • PA Energy - BEMIP Action Plan (for competitive, secure and sustainable energy)
  • PA Hazards - Reducing the use and impact of hazardous substances
  • PA Health - Improving and promoting people‚Äôs health, including its social aspects
  • PA Innovation - Exploiting the full potential of the region in research, innovation and SME, utilising the Digital Single Market as a source for attracting talents and investments
  • PA Nutri - Reducing nutrient inputs to the sea to acceptable levels
  • PA Safe - To become a leading region in maritime safety and security
  • PA Secure - Protection from land-based emergencies, accidents and cross-border crime
  • PA Ship - Becoming a model region for clean shipping
  • PA Tourism - Reinforcing cohesiveness of the macro-region through tourism
  • PA Transport - Improving internal and external transport links (AP 2015) / Facilitating a sustainable and efficient transport system in the Baltic Sea Region (AP 2017)


Horizontal Actions

  • HA Capacity - Capacity building and involvement
  • HA Climate
  • HA Neighbours - Creating added value to the Baltic Sea cooperation by working with neighbouring countries and regions
  • HA Spatial Planning - Encouraging the use of maritime and land-based spatial planning in all Member States around the Baltic Sea and develop a common approach for cross-border cooperation